Without the berries on this little tree, I got excited and mistook it for a Paw Paw tree (the largest native fruit), but a Carolina buckthorn (Frangula caroliniana) is pretty cool too! Found some growing next to a couple of Paw Paw trees and they both have similar leaves and both are small trees (this buckthorn might get 20 feet). Although the name might imply it, this buckthorn has no thorns. The fruit will eventually ripen to a black color and can be eaten by humans, but birds seem to like them a whole lot more. There is some confusion because many sources say the fruit is edible but others say it can be medicinal but also toxic. So goes the wild edible debate. I will try some when they ripen, and if our blog posts stop….you know what happened.